Facing the pneumonia epidemic caused by the novel coronavirus, how do we do personal protection in our daily lives? The experts put forward some practical suggestions.
1. Wash hands frequently and maintain good respiratory hygiene
Wash your hands with soap or hand sanitizer under running water. Wipe your hands with disposable paper towels or clean towels.
When coughing or sneezing, cover your mouth and nose with a tissue or towel, wash your hands, and avoid touching your eyes, nose or mouth.
2. Enhance physical strength and immunity, keep the environment clean and ventilated
Enhance physical strength and immunity, a balanced diet, moderate exercise, regular work and rest, and avoid excessive fatigue.
Open windows every day for ventilation.
3. Minimize activities in crowded places and pay attention to symptoms
Minimize activities in crowded areas and avoid contact with patients with respiratory infections.
If you have respiratory infection symptoms such as cough, runny nose or fever, please isolate and rest. If the fever persists or worsens, seek medical attention as soon as possible.
4. The role of hand washing in preventing respiratory diseases
Washing your hands properly is one of the most effective ways to prevent diarrhea and respiratory infections. The World Health Organization recommends that you wash your hands thoroughly with soap and water (tap water).
5. What should I do if it is inconvenient to wash my hands without clean water during the journey?
You can use an alcohol-based disinfectant to clean your hands. Coronavirus is not acid and alkali resistant and sensitive to organic solvents and disinfectants. You can use a certain concentration of alcohol-based disinfectant instead of soap or running water to wash your hands, because 75% alcohol can inactivate the virus.
6. How to choose a mask?
Option 1: Choose a disposable medical mask when you go out, wear it continuously for 4 hours and then replace it, and replace it once it is contaminated or damp.
Option 2: N95 medical protective masks can be used in hospitals and crowded areas. Wear it for 4 hours continuously. If it is contaminated or damp, please replace it immediately.
It is not recommended to use cotton masks and sponge masks.